Eradication vs. elimination? This question has sparked a great conversation on if we should eradicate or eliminate Polio. Polio is an unfortunate disease that dates back all the way to 1400 BCE.

We need YOUR help to raise money to help fight this disease! Please visit http://www.endpolio.org now to learn more information on the disease and what you can do to help! Below is a little clip of some more information on the disease and my personal opinions on it! I would love to hear any feedback and comments from anyone on this topic. 🙂


DT Project

According to Jane E. Brody, “mild traumatic brain injury” is a term that represents an extremely serious injury that has taken the sports world by storm. Countless athletes lives have been severely impacted and in some cases, changed permanently, by concussions. Concussions are the cause of half of sports related injuries from people ages 8 to 13. What can we do to help this terrible injury seise?

When thinking about this injury, it is easy to get overwhelmed by all the day to day activities that could possibly lead to a concussion. Nearly every sport has some chance of players being at risk of getting severely hurt. While football is the most dangerous of sports, concussion rates are still extremely high in other sports such as lacrosse, wrestling, soccer, basketball, and more.

For my sports medicine assignment, I had to sit back and ask myself, “what can I do to help this issue?” First, I wanted to decide which specific group of individuals I want to work with. Because I have played soccer my whole life, I decided I wanted to work with younger soccer players. Below are pictures throughout my life of my soccer career!426567_10200363090375885_303493107_n.jpg34301_1462114200205_8044109_n.jpg


Screen Shot 2014-02-14 at 5.27.35 PM.png

Soccer is an extremely competitive and physical sport and players are at constant risk of injury, so I thought to myself, “how can I help this game become more safe?” I was raking my brain through the different options and I came up with a few ideas:

1. Initially, I wanted to create a type of headgear that would protect the individual from more impact. I quickly realized that this type of headgear is already popular and successful in the soccer industry. Below is a photo of my sister wearing this headgear when she was younger (I’m not going to lie, I definitely rocked this headgear when I was younger too!).


2. I decided to target a different area of soccer: referees. Referees are a crucial part of any sport and their job should be taken extremely seriously. Through my research, I found the requirements an individual has to take to become a referee. Below is a picture of Abby H. (right) and Emily R. (left)

Screen Shot 2016-03-02 at 8.51.45 PM.png

Both are freshman at Chico State and both also were AYSO youth soccer referees. My conversation with them was extremely interesting as they confessed that through their training, they never learned in detail about the danger of concussions and how to help players avoid them! I was so confused by this because concussions are the leading cause of injury and it makes no sense why referees are not required to learn about how to help keep players safe from them. Abby stated that she never really learned what to do after a player hits his or her head. This is extremely concerning as one of the main issues related to concussions is going back to playing too soon. This could easily occur because the referee doesn’t even know the precautionary steps to take after a possible concussion.

I started to think to myself, what exactly could I do to help this situation? I decided to make a prezi powerpoint with more information about concussions for referees to review and study when they are in the process of becoming a referee.

Check out my prezi here!Screen Shot 2016-03-10 at 12.56.06 PM.png

After I made the Prezi, I decided to make a quiz to test how successful my curriculum outline would be to referees. I tested 5 different referees ranging from ages 16-24. I first had them take the quiz before looking at the Prezi. After that, I shared with them the link to my presentation and gave them 24 hours to look over and master the information. Finally, I had them take the quiz again and I recorded the change in their scores.

Take the quiz yourself! quiz a family member for a friend here!

Screen Shot 2016-03-10 at 12.55.21 PM.pngI had these individuals take the quiz 2 times and the results were promising! the first quizzes had a range from 63% to 100% with an average of 81%. Once the individuals looked at the powerpoint and reviewed the material, every person scored 100%! I was very excited at these results as they show that my powerpoint and quiz greatly impacted their knowledge on concussions, safety precautions, and what to do if they were in a situation where they needed to assess an individual with a possible concussions.

There is a website called Heads Up that has a similar cause as mine. Mine is different in the sense that I want it to be mandatory for all referees to take before becoming certified. I am aiming to achieve this by emailing a very popular website that centers on the training to become a referee. I sent an email to the head of the website with my information and my opinion on the issue and my argument why he should change the training procedure. My questions and information layout if different from “Heads Up” and the direct information will greatly impact all referees and players.

I really hope they see and utilize my creations! I am confident that it would have an amazing impact on referees and their level of comfort surrounding concussions. I think that the more referees that are equipped and informed about concussions, the more safe the players will be. Overall I learned so much from this project!

exercise and brain function

Working out has always been a huge part of my life. I have been super active ever since I was an extremely young girl running around with my friends. Earlier today, I read an extremely interesting article about the benefits of working out. in Quartz’ blog post, he talks about how the benefits of working out surpass solely the physical aspect. He argues that there also is an emotional aspect as working out helps fight stress, improve control of attention, improved memory, and more. Upon researching this topic outside this blog post, it becomes clear that many other organizations think like Quartz. Help Guide agrees with Quartz’ statements and adds many other benefits including helping with anxiety, depression, and ADHD. Fortunately, I never had to deal with these issues, but I can definitely tell that exercise has aided in many of my other problems throughout my life. Here are some pictures of me playing various sports throughout my life!


Class Cameo

We have officially finished the first 2 weeks back of school! Time really flies.

2nd semester of sports medicine is off to a great start and it looks to be even more interesting than the previous section. Our teacher, Mrs. Kahn, kickstarted the semester off with a unit about nutrition. I was so excited to learn about this topic! This is actually the topic that drove me to initially want to take this course. I really want to learn more about nutrition and what is healthy to put into my body. I have been getting into food and nutrition a lot more lately in my daily life. I even helped my grandpa cook thanksgiving dinner! (picture below)


This week we focused a lot on carbohydrates. We learned what they are, where they can be found, and if they are healthy for our body. We learned that anything that has any type of sugar in it has carbohydrates! That includes dairy, fruits, vegetables, breads, and many more. Today we just got back from an amazing field trip to a farm in Pescadero. I won’t give too much away because I will blog about it in a little bit, but here are a few pictures to enjoy as a preview!

Digestive and Immune systems

The digestive and immune system work hand in hand to ensure the inner harmony and equilibrium in the body. The digestive system focuses on breaking down what you eat while the immune system closely interrogates those molecules being digested to ensure no foreign predators have entered into the body. These two systems are incredibly vital to the health of the individual.

According to IBS Treatment Center, the digestive tube has a very large surface area that needs to be protected against parasites, viruses, bad bacteria, and many more. The body is exposed to outside substances numerous times throughout the day. Most of the time, these foods are completely fine and even healthy for the body. While this is regularly the case, there are certain situations where the outside substance is harmful to the body. This is where the immune system steps in. The immune system’s role is to detect these bad molecules and protect the body against any harm. When discovering a harmful substance, the immune system attacks it by means of inflammation and by producing excess mucus.

These systems are vital for all people, but especially important for athletes. These people are pushed to their limit daily to achieve their max excellence. For this to take place, it is imperative that they take care of their body to ensure the mechanics behind both these systems run as smoothly as possible.

How do they do this, you might ask? It is simple! According to Harvard Health Publications, there are many daily activities to help boost one’s immune system. Below are drawings of the top 4 things all individuals can do to help boost his/her immune system.


Screen Shot 2016-01-19 at 7.23.53 PM
1. Do not smoke!
Screen Shot 2016-01-19 at 7.24.00 PM
2. Drink alcohol in moderation (if any).
Screen Shot 2016-01-19 at 7.24.13 PM
3. Get lots of sleep every night!
Screen Shot 2016-01-19 at 7.24.20 PM
4. Wash hands constantly!

These are extremely important steps to stay happy and healthy!

In addition, people from Team Isagenix have done multiple studies to find what the best materials for all people to eat to help keep a strong immune system. The first food is protein! Protein ensures the body maintains optimal protein status. It is packed with amino acids and it helps directly stimulate the immune system for optimal response. The second mineral is zinc. Zinc is incredibly helpful in developing T-Cells. These cells work directly with the immune system to fight bad materials in the body! Lastly, they stated that colostrum is extremely important. Colostrum is a form of milk that contains immunoglobulins, protein-rich polypeptides and lactoferrin. These minerals help restore the body after long trainings.

Being an athlete myself, researching this topic was extremely interesting. I love learning new information that is directly applicable to my daily life! I will definitely incorporate these steps into my daily life to ensure my immune system stays strong and healthy.


Nutrition is a very broad complex to try to grasp. Growing up, I have never been extremely educated on what was good for me and what was not. I would eat the breakfast my mom cooked for me, the lunch she packed, and the dinner she made without asking any questions. I always have been a super active individual my whole life so the idea of watching what I eat has always been a little foreign. That being said, I have always loved food and have been fascinated with baking and cooking from an early age. Here is a picture of me when I was extremely young in our pantry checking out all our snacks!IMG_3764

Here I am now, in my senior year, and my understanding of nutrition has changed drastically. I no longer play a sport (although I do try to remain active), and many days I find myself cooking my own dinners and packing my own lunches. Especially with the complete independence of college only a few months away, I know that I need to pay much more attention to what I put into my body. I am so glad I am taking sports medicine because my knowledge on nutrition has already exponentially grew with only the few classes we have shared on this topic. This has recently become one of my favorite topics to learn about and I can not wait for more!

Heart Disease prevention

In my block 7 sports medicine class, we are learning a lot about heart disease. Our teacher introduced the topic by announcing that it is the number 1 leading cause for death of women in the nation. I was extremely troubled by this because being a woman myself, it is an unnervingly real topic that I will very likely have to deal with in some form during my life (whether that be directly having a form of heart disease myself or knowing a loved one or close friend be effected by it). The topic was extremely interesting to me and I was excited when faced with the challenge to use my own design thinking to try to think of something to help prevent this disease.

I matched up with 2 other group members and we began to throw out ideas as to what we believe could help this deadly disease. We were stuck for a while and it took us a long time to come up with some decent ideas. We came up with some ideas including an air cleanser to help second hand smokers, a pill to help regulate caffeine levels, and even an app to regulate one’s blood pressure. We went back to the drawing board to see what was one main cause to heart disease that we could center our project around. Not long after, we decided we would focus on cholesterol.

We wanted to focus on cholesterol because we felt that it is not as well known as any other cause. When there is too much cholesterol in ones blood, it can easily build up and clog the arteries. This process is called atherosclerosis and is a serious form of heart disease. Knowing this was a problem, our group researched more into cholesterol’s correlation with heart disease. We learned that LDL is the main source of artery-clogging plaque where as HDL is good and works to clear cholesterol from the blood.

After learning this, it was clear that we wanted to create something that would help minimize LDL while simultaneously working to increase HDL. We also wanted to make our invention easy and exciting for the audience we were targeting: women of all ages. After thinking about what would suit this audience best, we decided to make a super healthy juice with only ingredients targeted to lower LDL and higher HDL.

Our juice had apples, bananas, blueberries, orange juice,a fiber boost, and a little bit of canola oil. Each of these ingredients is filled with fighting ingredients to help our cause. Apples and bananas are filled with fiber that do wonders to help keep the cholesterol under control. Blueberries and orange juice have antioxidants that similarly work to increase HDL and lower LDL. Canola oil is rich in coenzyme q10 which also fights LDL while helping HDL. All of these ingredients would form an extremely healthy drink to help prevent heart disease.

Not only did we want to think of a new idea to help prevent heart disease, but we also wanted to put it in action to see if it would be useful. We made the juice and took it to school, asking girls of varying ages to try it. Below are some pictures from our experiment



Overall, we asked 30 people and 24 said they loved the drink and could picture themselves drinking it on a regular basis. Only 6 did not like the drink or say they did not want to drink it regularly. We were very happy with these results to see that the majority of the randomly selected candidates thought this was a great idea and liked the end product! We learned so much through this project and hopefully this juice will become much more popular and be used by women nationally!


This thanksgiving I want to work on 2 of my character traits; kindness and self control. I am super excited to see my family and all of my cousins and I absolutely love thanksgiving. I want to reflect on my past couple of weeks and see how i’ve grown and what specific ways I can grow more.

Looking back, I have had an extremely past couple of weeks. I had all of my college apps, kairos retreat, ambassador responsibilities (OPEN HOUSE) job applications, class projects, and other assignments in my extremely challenging classes. I was extremely stressed and rarely got a good night sleep because I either didn’t have a lot of time to sleep, or there was too much on my mind that I couldn’t just relax and sleep. I am so extremely happy that this stressful time is coming to a close and I can focus on the more important things. I tried to continue to work on myself during this stressful time but it was very easy to get overwhelmed and focus on my stressful aspects and not be as kind to my family members.

These next few weeks I really want to work on bettering myself, especially by exercising more self-control and being kinder. I have not been able to keep to my daily workout routine and with all of my stressful activities winding down, I really want to get back into working out. I want to show more self-control on the quality of food that I am eating and also getting the motivation to work out more often. I also want to be kinder to my family. I have a great relationship with my family but it can always improve. I am extremely thankful for them and its my number 1 priority to let them know how much they mean to me this week (and every week!).

I will keep you updated on these next few weeks! 🙂

Class Cameo

We have had a lot going on this week! First of all, at the beginning of last week, we finished posting about a lab on heart rates and what it looks like to have a heart attack. We learned more skills about using technology and other applications to get our data across and to use the technology to our advantage to learn more about our hearts.

We also started to learn a lot more about heart disease. Mrs. Kahn walked us through a powerpoint she made about women and heart disease and it was incredibly interesting to hear more of the facts. We learned that heart disease is the leading cause of death in women in the nation (more than the next 5 reasons combined!). This really opened my eyes to how serious heart disease is and how important it is that I get educated and spread the word.

One of our assignments to further our education in this section was to make a PSA video focusing on one aspect of heart disease. I was in a group with Sophia Brooks and Tiffany Ehlers and we decided to do a rap. The aspect that we centered our PSA on was how to help prevent heart disease (which I argue is the most important thing to take away from this lesson). We made all original content and had a blast shooting it! (Below is the actual video me made!) I had an amazing time learning more about my body and ways to help prevent heart disease this week. I am looking forward to many more weeks filled with more learning!



Being the avid soccer player I used to be, artificial grass is not a foreign concept. I remember when we first started practicing on those fields, I was so excited! The fields were always perfect and it was much easier to play on (expect on those hot days, the field would be at least 10 degrees hotter than it already is outside!). I have always loved turf for many reasons and I especially found it important to utilize as California is in the midst of a severe drought.

Reading this article was very eyeopening because it shined a light on the negative effects of artificial grass. I was unaware that the particles in turf could lead to nervous system problems, including confusion, dizziness, and unconsciousness. I believe that the heath of humans is more important than the convenience of an artificial field. If the study’s continue to show serious treats to the health of humans, I believe traditional grass should be implemented more.

That being said, I have been around turf almost my whole live and I personally have not observed any negative impacts on my dizziness, confusion, or unconscious levels (These are just my observations, I could be wrong but I don’t think I have any nervous system problems because of the turf). I know how helpful the fields can be, especially for big sports team seeking consistent perfection in their fields year round. If new sufficient data comes in that supports the negative effects artificial turf has, then I believe we should get rid of it, but until then, I think the artificial grass is a great alternative to save time, money, water, and energy.

What do you think? Here is a visual I used by using Piktochart to give both sides in a more creative way!

The facts used in this visual are from http://blogs.kqed.org/education/2015/10/21/should-we-install-fields-of-artificial-or-natural-turf/