I studied a case about a couple names Jim and Nancy titled “A Healthy Requirement?”. The case starts out by introducing Nancy and Jim, stating they both are in their late 60s, are overweight, and struggle with many health problems and conditions. Nancy then starts to go into detail to her husband about how she is tired and has been experiencing back pain and a burning sensation in her lower chest. It is evident throughout the story that Nancy overeats a lot (could contribute to her weight problem). After Nancy and Jim go on their cruise vacation, similar problems continue to follow Nancy as she complains of fatigue, nausea, and trouble breathing. A close friend then advises Nancy to see a doctor as she might have angina.
Here is a visual to represent the problems Nancy has been facing
I looked more into the different healthy and non healthy habits of both Jim and Nancy and here is what I created:
Jim and Nancy are both at risk for multiple medical conditions including lung cancer, obesity, stroke, heart disease, diabetes, and osteoporosis (last one just for Nancy because it runs in her family).
It would be extremely helpful to know their family’s medical issues, past doctor visits, eating habits, occupation, diet, any medication, and stress level to better understand and assess both Jim and Nancy’s health.
Mayo Clinic is a website designed specifically to educate about angina and its symptoms. It states that some symptoms include:
- Chest pain or discomfort
- Pain in your arms, neck, jaw, shoulder or back accompanying chest pain
- Shortness of breath
Angina equivalent symptoms include abdominal pain, shortness of breath and nausea while other symptoms include pain in jack or back of the chest pressure. The classic angina symptoms include pain in arms, shoulders, jaw, nausea, shortness of breath, and many others.
In simple terms, angina is caused by reduced blood flow to the heart. Angina effects increase when the demand for this blood is increased, like in sports or other activities for example. Because of this, the symptoms do lessen when Nancy rests because the demand for her blood is not as much as it is when she is doing her power walks in the morning.
One of our really good family friends suffered from a heart attack. Luckily, she is alive and healthy but the scare of the heart attack made our entire family become more educated about heart attacks in general. Because of this, I already was aware that men and women have different symptoms for coronary heart disease or a heart attack.
The only way for medical researchers to find out if both sexes from diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds have similar symptoms or react to the same treatment is to conduct an experiment and conduct many trials and studies.
What an interesting article! I really suggest reading through it to better your own personal knowledge on these health topics.